Twitter Reports Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year 2014 Results
SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. - February 5, 2015 - Twitter, Inc. (NYSE: TWTR) today announced financial results for the quarter and fiscal year ended December 31, 2014.
- Q4 revenue of $479 million, up 97% year-over-year
- Q4 net loss of $125 million and non-GAAP net income of $79 million
- Q4 GAAP EPS of ($0.20) and non-GAAP EPS of $0.12
- Q4 adjusted EBITDA of $141 million, representing an adjusted EBITDA margin of 30%
- 2014 revenue of $1,403 million, up 111% year-over-year
- 2014 net loss of $578 million and non-GAAP net income of $101 million
- 2014 GAAP EPS of ($0.96) and non-GAAP EPS of $0.14
- 2014 adjusted EBITDA of $301 million, representing an adjusted EBITDA margin of 21%
"We closed out the year with our business advancing at a great pace. Revenue growth accelerated again for the full year, and we had record quarterly profits on an adjusted EBITDA basis," said Dick Costolo, CEO of Twitter. "In addition, the trend thus far in Q1 leads us to believe that the absolute number of net users added in Q1 will be similar to what we saw during the first three quarters of 2014."
For information regarding the non-GAAP financial measures discussed in this release, please see "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" and "Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures" below.
Fourth Quarter 2014 Operational Highlights
- Average Monthly Active Users (MAUs) were 288 million for the fourth quarter, an increase of 20% year-over-year, which reflects a loss of approximately 4 million net Monthly Active Users in the fourth quarter due to changes in third party integrations.
- Average Mobile MAUs represented approximately 80% of total MAUs.
- Timeline views reached 182 billion for the fourth quarter of 2014, an increase of 23% year-over-year.
- Advertising revenue per thousand timeline views reached $2.37 in the fourth quarter of 2014, an increase of 60% year-over-year.
Fourth Quarter 2014 Product Highlights
- Users: Twitter launched the ability for people to share a Tweet privately through a Direct Message, making it easier for people to have private discussions around public content. Twitter also launched the Audio Card, which lets people discover and listen to audio directly in their timeline on Android and iOS devices.
- Advertisers: Twitter began testing Twitter Offers in the United States, enabling advertisers to create credit card-linked promotions and share them directly with people on Twitter. Twitter also launched tailored audiences for mobile apps, a new way for advertisers to create targetable audience segments based on mobile app actions such as installs, purchases, or sign-ups. Finally, Twitter launched two new mobile targeting options including the ability to target by mobile carrier and the ability to target users with new mobile devices.
- International Expansion: Twitter continued the international expansion of advertising offerings to 13 additional markets worldwide. Twitter's self serve ad products expanded to 8 new markets in Q4 and now serve marketers in 28 countries.
- Developers: Twitter held its first mobile developer conference, Flight, where it unveiled Fabric, a single modular Software Developer Kit consisting of app stability and analytics tools through Crashlytics, monetization offerings through MoPub, identity and sign-in services through Twitter and a first-of-its-kind offering called Digits, and content distribution and syndication through an improved Twitter SDK.
- January Launches: In January, Twitter launched a recap feature, marked with a "While you were away" heading, that surfaces at the top of the Timeline some of the best Tweets people may have missed from accounts people follow; group Direct Messaging, which lets people expand private conversations from one other participant to as many as 20, and new video functionality that allows people to capture, edit and share videos right from within the Twitter app.
Fourth Quarter 2014 Financial Highlights
Revenue - Revenue for the fourth quarter of 2014 totaled $479 million, an increase of 97% compared to $243 million in the same period in 2013.
- Advertising revenue totaled $432 million, an increase of 97% year-over-year.
- Mobile advertising revenue was 88% of total advertising revenue.
- Data licensing and other revenue totaled $47 million, an increase of 105% year-over-year.
- International revenue totaled $164 million, an increase of 149% year-over-year.
- International revenue was 34% of total revenue.
Net loss - GAAP net loss was $125 million for the fourth quarter of 2014 compared to a GAAP net loss of $511 million in the same period in 2013. GAAP net loss for the fourth quarter of 2014 included $177 million of stock-based compensation expense.
Adjusted EBITDA - Adjusted EBITDA was $141 million for the fourth quarter of 2014, an increase of 216% compared to $45 million in the same period in 2013.
Non-GAAP net income - Non-GAAP net income was $79 million for the fourth quarter of 2014, an increase of 712% compared to $10 million in the same period in 2013.
EPS - Basic and diluted GAAP EPS was ($0.20) for the fourth quarter of 2014 compared to ($1.41) in the same period in 2013.
Non-GAAP EPS - Non-GAAP EPS was $0.12 for the fourth quarter of 2014 compared to $0.02 in the same period in 2013.
Capital expenditures - Purchases of property and equipment for the fourth quarter of 2014 were $69 million. Additionally, $30 million of equipment was financed through capital leases during the fourth quarter of 2014.
Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities - As of December 31, 2014, cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities were approximately $3.6 billion, compared to $3.6 billion as of September 30, 2014.
Twitter's outlook for the first quarter of 2015 is as follows:
- Revenue is projected to be in the range of $440 million to $450 million.
- Adjusted EBITDA is projected to be in the range of $89 million to $94 million.
- Stock-based compensation expense is projected to be in the range of $160 million to $170 million, excluding the impact of equity awards that may be granted in connection with potential future acquisitions.
Twitter's outlook for the full year of 2015 is as follows:
- Revenue is projected to be in the range of $2.3 billion to $2.35 billion.
- Adjusted EBITDA is projected to be in the range of $550 million to $575 million.
- Capital expenditures are projected to be in the range of $500 million to $650 million.
- Stock-based compensation expense is projected to be in the range of $700 million to $750 million, excluding the impact of equity awards that may be granted in connection with potential future acquisitions.
Note that Twitter's outlook for the first quarter and full year of 2015 reflects foreign exchange rates as of January 31, 2015.
Webcast and Conference Call Details
Twitter will host a conference call today, Thursday, February 5, 2015, at 2:00 p.m. Pacific Time (5:00 p.m. Eastern Time) to discuss financial results. Questions submitted via Twitter, directed to @TwitterIR, using the hashtag #TWTRearnings will be considered during the Q&A portion of the conference call in addition to questions submitted by conference call participants. A live webcast of the conference call, Twitter's financial results and supplemental slides will be accessible from the Investor Relations page of Twitter's website at investor.twitterinc.com. A replay will be archived and accessible at the same website after the conference call. Twitter has used, and intends to continue to use, its Investor Relations website (investor.twitterinc.com), as well as certain Twitter accounts (@dickc, @twitter and @twitterIR), as means of disclosing material non-public information and for complying with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD.
About Twitter, Inc.
Twitter (NYSE: TWTR) is a global platform for public self-expression and conversation in real time. By developing a fundamentally new way for people to create, distribute and discover content, we have democratized content creation and distribution, enabling any voice to echo around the world instantly and unfiltered. The service can be accessed at Twitter.com, via the Twitter mobile application and via text message. Available in more than 35 languages, Twitter has 288 million monthly active users. For more information, visit discover.twitter.com or follow @twitter.
Forward Looking Statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Forward-looking statements generally relate to future events or Twitter's future financial or operating performance. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements because they contain words such as "may," "will," "should," "expects," "plans," "anticipates," "could," "intends," "target," "projects," "contemplates," "believes," "estimates," "predicts," "potential" or "continue" or the negative of these words or other similar terms or expressions that concern Twitter's expectations, strategy, plans or intentions. Forward-looking statements in this press release include, but are not limited to, Twitter's strategies and business plans and Twitter's expectations regarding its MAUs, revenue, adjusted EBITDA, capital expenditures and stock-based compensation expense for the first quarter and full year 2015. Twitter's expectations and beliefs regarding these matters may not materialize, and actual results in future periods are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. These risks include the possibility that: Twitter's user base and engagement do not continue to grow; advertisers reduce or discontinue their spending on Twitter; data partners reduce or discontinue their purchases of data licenses from Twitter; and Twitter experiences expenses that exceed its expectations. The forward-looking statements contained in this press release are also subject to other risks and uncertainties, including those more fully described in Twitter's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2014 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Additional information will also be set forth in Twitter's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014. The forward-looking statements in this press release are based on information available to Twitter as of the date hereof, and Twitter disclaims any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, except as required by law.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
To supplement Twitter's financial information presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or GAAP, Twitter considers certain financial measures that are not prepared in accordance with GAAP, including adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income (loss), adjusted EBITDA margin and non-GAAP EPS. Twitter defines adjusted EBITDA as net loss adjusted to exclude stock-based compensation expense, depreciation and amortization expense, interest and other expenses and provision (benefit) for income taxes; and Twitter defines non-GAAP net income (loss) as net loss adjusted to exclude stock-based compensation expense, amortization of acquired intangible assets, non-cash interest expense related to convertible notes and the income tax effects related to acquisitions. Adjusted EBITDA margin is calculated by dividing adjusted EBITDA by revenue.
Twitter uses the non-GAAP financial measures of adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income (loss), adjusted EBITDA margin and non-GAAP EPS in evaluating its operating results and for financial and operational decision-making purposes. Twitter believes that adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income (loss), adjusted EBITDA margin and non-GAAP EPS help identify underlying trends in its business that could otherwise be masked by the effect of the expenses that we exclude in adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income (loss), adjusted EBITDA margin and non-GAAP EPS. Twitter also believes that adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income (loss), adjusted EBITDA margin and non-GAAP EPS provide useful information about its operating results, enhance the overall understanding of Twitter's past performance and future prospects and allow for greater transparency with respect to key metrics used by Twitter's management in its financial and operational decision-making. Twitter uses these measures to establish budgets and operational goals for managing its business and evaluating its performance. Twitter is presenting these non-GAAP financial measures to assist investors in seeing Twitter's operating results through the eyes of management, and because it believes that these measures provide an additional tool for investors to use in comparing Twitter's core business operating results over multiple periods with other companies in its industry.
These non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered in isolation from, or as a substitute for, financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP. These non-GAAP financial measures are not based on any standardized methodology prescribed by GAAP and are not necessarily comparable to similarly-titled measures presented by other companies.
For future periods, Twitter is unable to provide a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA to net loss as a result of the uncertainty regarding, and the potential variability of, depreciation and amortization expense, interest and other expenses and provision (benefit) for income taxes, that are expected to be incurred in the future.